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CASE STUDY Leon, Cognitive, Supplementary

Year level
Educational setting
Mainstream school

Level of adjustment
Category of disability
Included in data collection

Leon's story

Leon is a 12-year-old boy in Year 7 at a large metropolitan secondary school. It was identified from reports received during the enrolment process that Leon has a diagnosis of dyslexia. Information was also provided about the mental health difficulties Leon has been experiencing. Leon lives with his grandparents and has not lived with his biological parents since the age of two.

Leon had been accessing a private psychologist prior to starting Year 7. His grandparents gave consent for the psychologist to meet with the school counsellor to seek collaborative support for possible post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. A formal diagnosis has not been made.

The counsellor was informed that Leon has difficulty sleeping and concentrating. He can feel jumpy, and displays irritable behaviours. He can also become socially withdrawn and may avoid social activities. The school counsellor and learning support teacher have provided Leon’s teachers with a learning profile, which is a summary sheet that outlines his learning challenges and suggests strategies to support his emotional needs and learning difficulties. Leon also received additional support with transition into Year 7 from the learning support teacher prior to formal school classes, and has been issued with a time-out card to access the ‘Chill-Out’ room when he feels overwhelmed and needs some quiet time.

Leon is allowed extra working time during timed assessments, and teachers provide him with class notes and slide presentations prior to lessons. He also has access to technologies in the classroom to support his reading and writing (eg tablet device, scanning pen). Teachers encourage Leon to use accessibility features on his tablet and school laptop, such as the speech-to-text and text-to-speech functions. In English, Humanities and Science subjects, teachers and teacher assistants provide additional assistance with reading and with structuring his writing. Leon and other students in his class have access to a mathematics tutor and he sometimes chooses to use this tutor when he has difficulty grasping a new concept.

The year level coordinator, school counsellor and a learning support teacher meet with Leon’s psychologist and guardian four times per year.

Information that supports inclusion in the NCCD What's this?

  • Step 1. Is there an adjustment to address disability? Yes

    Yes, adjustments are provided to enable a student with disability to access education on the same basis as other students.

    As defined in the Disability Discrimination Act 1992, Leon has a disorder or malfunction that results in his learning differently from a person without the disorder or malfunction.

  • Do you have evidence? Yes

    • Specialist report showing diagnosis of dyslexia
    • Learning profile provided to all subject teachers and education assistants
    • Attendance records of additional maths tutoring sessions
    • Teacher notes showing extra time provided for timed assessments
    • Log book showing use of timeout card to access ‘Chill Out’ room
    • Work samples showing scaffolded reading material and support with structuring writing
    • Counsellor reports
    • Meeting notes from regular meetings with learning support teacher, year level coordinator, Leon’s psychologist and guardian (Leon’s grandmother)
  • Step 2. What is the level of adjustment? Supplementary

    Leon requires adjustments for particular activities at specific times including:

    • adapted and additional instruction in some or many learning areas or specific activities
    •  personalised and explicit instruction to support one or more areas of communication
    • planned safety support, in addition to active monitoring and supervision
    • enabling access to learning through specialised technology.
  • Step 3. What is the category of disability? Cognitive

    Leon has a cognitive disability in the form of an diagnosed learning disability (dyslexia), which is the primary driver of adjustments received by Leon.

  • Step 4. Record and submit the data Yes (Student is included)

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