Skip to main content

CASE STUDY Daniel, Substantial, Physical

Year level
Educational setting
Mainstream school

Level of adjustment
Category of disability
Included in data collection

Daniel's story

Daniel is a Year 10 student with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. He has attended the same district high school since he started school. The school has adapted to Daniel’s changing needs as his physical condition has deteriorated. In 2013, Daniel was in a wheelchair but was still able to toilet himself with minimal support to transfer to the toilet. While he would become fatigued when writing and typing, he was able to keep up with the mainstream curriculum. In the 2013 census, the school rated Daniel as having supplementary needs.

During 2014, Daniel has experienced a rapid deterioration in his physical condition. He now experiences significant weakness in his arms and can no longer transfer to the toilet as before, and will require a hoist and change table. The school has recognised that Daniel will now require further support with his self-care, as well as more significant changes to the way he accesses the curriculum.

The school has held case conferences each term with Daniel, his parents, his occupational therapist, school psychologist, learning support coordinator and year coordinator for several years, as well as using email to communicate between all parties when necessary. To ensure Daniel’s needs are being met given his recent deterioration, the school discussed and implemented the following:

  • contacted the consulting teacher from the School of Special Education Needs Disability (SSEND) and occupational therapist to access the required equipment such as hoists and change tables
  • accessed training for staff and implemented Daniel’s new toileting/manual handling plan provided by the therapists
  • accessed technology and training in the utilisation of software and hardware such as onscreen keyboards, adapted trackpads and electronic textbooks/books to enable Daniel to access the curriculum
  • modified class notes, worksheets, timetables so Daniel can access classroom resources on his laptop
  • teachers, where appropriate, allow alternate assignment or assessment formats such as oral assessments
  • the school psychologist liaises with school staff and parents to discuss what school supports and strategies staff can put in place to assist in addressing Daniel’s socialemotional needs.

The school has updated Daniel’s personalised learning plan and health care plan to reflect these changes, and will continue case conference meetings each term to review Daniel’s progress, as well as the usual communication through emails between key parties.

Information that supports inclusion in the NCCD What's this?

  • Step 1. Is there an adjustment to address disability? Yes

    • Yes, adjustments are provided to enable a student with disability to access education on the same basis as other students.
    • As defined by the Disability Discrimination Act 1992, Daniel has a malfunction, malformation or disfigurement of a part of his body.
  • Do you have evidence? Yes

    • Medical reports from health professionals
    • Notes from meetings with occupational therapist, school psychologist, school staff and Daniel’s parents
    • Personalised education plan
    • Healthcare plan
    • Staff training plan
  • Step 2. What is the level of adjustment? Substantial

    • Daniel has increasing support needs related to his self-care and education and is supported through adult assistance most of the time.
    • Daniel requires regular direct support to access adjusted curriculum content in order to be able to participate in education on the same basis as his peers.
  • Step 3. What is the category of disability? Physical

    • Daniel has a physical disability.
  • Step 4. Record and submit the data Yes (Student is included)

We use cookies on our website to support technical features that enhance your user experience.

We also use analytics & advertising services. To opt-out click for more information.