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CASE STUDY James, Extensive, Cognitive

Year level
Educational setting
Mainstream school

Level of adjustment
Category of disability
Included in data collection

James's story

James has an individualised special education program which caters for his class, all learning areas and for his participation in the playground. James has an individual work area in the classroom where his resources are used and stored away so that he may focus on the individual tasks and the resources that he needs at any particular time. James's family work with speech pathologists and occupational therapists involved with Therapy Focus.

The school caters for children from Kindy to Year 6 with global developmental delay, intellectual disabilities, autism spectrum disorder and special educational needs. The student population is around 75 and classes have a high ratio of staff to students with small numbers in each class. There is a strong focus on inclusivity so that some students with disabilities can work alongside their mainstream peers in planned activities based on their individual needs.

Information that supports inclusion in the NCCD What's this?

  • Step 1. Is there an adjustment to address disability? Yes

    • Yes, adjustments are provided to enable a student with disability to access education on the same basis as other students.
    • As defined by the Disability Discrimination Act 1992, James has a disorder or malfunction that results in him learning differently from a person without the disorder or malfunction.
  • Do you have evidence? Yes

    • The school has evidence of James's adjustments, including evidence of his highly individualised program and evidence from speech pathologists and occupational therapists.
  • Step 2. What is the level of adjustment? Extensive

    • James's highly individualised program is tailored to his interests and educational needs. Highly intensive support and supervision is provided both in the classroom and playground. He requires support for toileting and mealtime management.
  • Step 3. What is the category of disability? Cognitive

    • James has an intellectual disability and also has ataxia, causing involuntary movement. James's family work with speech pathologists and occupational therapists involved with Therapy Focus.
  • Step 4. Record and submit the data Yes (Student is included)

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